- The World Health Organization on 30th January, 2020 declared a global emergency following the spread of a dangerous corona virus from China to more than a dozen other countries. This declaration serves as a notice to all members of the United Nations that the world’s top health advisory board thinks the situation is grave.
- What appears as a new outbreak has been in existence for few years and is just up and doing in its new variant. Coronavirus is often associated with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and though sometimes is often linked with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). Currently, the world is dealing with the SARS which often affects the upper respiratory system.
- Corona virus got its name from its crown-like shape when viewed using an electron microscope.
It’s just so daunting that its presence does not signify any royal visit but rather a lethargic one prepared to take lives if not properly managed. 18 years ago, a severe SARs epidemic broke out in Guangdong province in China and the outbreak reached its peak on the first week of February 2003 with over 8000 people infected in 37 countries recording nearly 800 deaths.
- The SARs associated with corona virus appear to be morphological the same with some other infections such as Bronchitis virus, Mouse Hepatitis Virus and Transmissible Gastroenteritis Virus.
- It was found in temperate regions that respiratory coronavirus infections occur more often in the Winter and Spring than in the Summer and Fall.
- Currently, what can be made of as the origin of the outbreak are the hosts of Ebola and Flu- bats. So it is advisable to stay away from these creatures and to refrain from foods related to bats. Supporting this conclusion was the fact that the ongoing Wuhan Coronavirus has been said to have originated from a central city market where live and slaughtered animals were sold.
- Scientists said the virus is often spread through human to human contact with infected persons. As a result, it is essential that one stays away from highly populated centers or places with high influx of people just arriving in the country. Experts have reported that the virus could be spread even when the symptoms are yet to manifest in the infected patient.
- Reported symptoms of the virus infection often include cough, cold, and fever. However, there’s no reason to panic if you strongly believe you haven’t made any visit to a crowded area or any contact with an infected person or the assumed source of the virus – bats.
However if the symptoms include chills, chest pains, shortness of breadth and some none respiratory symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, it’s advisable to visit a doctor especially if one has either been in contact with the associated host or being in contact with an infected person.
The following are safety tips to follow. For the most part of it, it’s just a reminder of personal hygiene and it won’t hurt if the precautions are observed.
Do well to wash your hands regularly.
Cover coughs and sneezes with your inner elbow.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose , mouth with your hands .
In good manners, stay away from people who have signs of respiratory tract infections such as runny nose, coughing, and sneezing.
Try to keep your throat moist. In other words, drink enough water when you feel dehydrated. The virus is often associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome affecting the upper respiratory tract .
- Currently, medical experts say it could take years for a vaccine to be developed. There has been a great response from government and agencies on how to manage the outbreak and contain the spread to a larger population. It is everyone’s civic duty to the world that we for the main part, adhere to the advice from medical experts and above all promote awareness on different media platforms and in real life.